Alachua Audubon Society

A chapter of the National Audubon Society

Alachua County Bird List

This checklist is based on records available through 12 Jul 2016. Names and sequence of species follow the 1998 edition of the American Ornithologists’ Union Checklist and supplements to July 2016. Some published reports are omitted as unsubstantiated. An asterisk (*) precedes species listed here solely on the basis of sight records and for which no specimen, photograph, or other verifiable evidence exists.

The number of species currently recognized for Alachua County increased from 315 to 358 since the last published county list (1997). They are divided among the following categories:

RESIDENTS: present throughout the year and nesting locally.
SUMMER RESIDENTS: nesting locally, but migrating south for the winter.
WINTER RESIDENTS: nesting locally in the winter, migrating north for the summer.
WINTER VISITORS: wintering locally, migrating north to breed.
TRANSIENTS: passing through in spring and/or fall migration, neither nesting nor wintering here.
VAGRANT: of rare, unpredictable, and often singular occurrence in Alachua County.
STRAYS: wandering irregularly, or storm-blown, into Alachua County from the Atlantic or Gulf Coasts.
EXTIRPATED: formerly resident, now gone from the county.
EXTINCT: no longer in existence.

Terms used to describe each species’ abundance in suitable habitat are approximate, and relative rather than absolute. In descending order these are: common, fairly common, uncommon, and rare for birds seen annually; and irregular for birds seen recurrently but not annually (in these listings, the term “e.g.” indicates representative dates drawn from a larger sample).

Egg data are primarily from the Florida Museum of Natural History egg collection and are generally representative dates rather than extreme ones.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
Originally the work of Dr. Oliver L. Austin, Jr., this checklist has been revised and updated by Dr. John W. Hardy, Barbara P. Muschlitz, and Rex K. Rowan.

BLACK-BELLIED WHISTLING-DUCK—Locally common resident since 1998. Nests Jul-Sep.

FULVOUS WHISTLING-DUCK—An irregular winter visitor 1961-86 with all sightings Dec-Feb, but subsequent sightings (1997-2006) have been May-Dec. May have nested at Newnans Lake 2001, 2002, at Paynes Prairie 2003.

GREATER WHITE-FRONTED GOOSE—Irregular winter visitor. 14 Oct-25 May.

SNOW GOOSE—Irregular winter visitor. 22 Oct-20 Mar.

ROSS’S GOOSE—Irregular winter visitor. Gainesville, 25 Dec 2003, 1 Mar 2009, 19 Dec 2010-9 Feb 2011, 27 Nov-3 Dec 2013, 20-22 Nov 2014. Paynes Prairie, 30 Jan 2009.

*BRANT—Vagrant. Newnans Lake, 29 Dec 2006.

CANADA GOOSE—Irregular winter visitor. 6 Nov-Feb.

TUNDRA SWAN—Vagrant. Paynes Prairie, 20 Feb 1984, 29 Nov 2010-13 Mar 2011; Orange Lake, mid-Jan 1986; Kanapaha Prairie, 17-18 Dec 1989.

MUSCOVY DUCK—Non-native. Fairly common resident in artificial ponds.

WOOD DUCK—Fairly common resident. Eggs 22 Mar-2 Oct.

GADWALL—Uncommon winter visitor. 21 Sep-21 May.

EURASIAN WIGEON—Vagrant. Orange Lake, 26 Dec 1931; Hague Dairy, 22-29 Dec 2004.

AMERICAN WIGEON—Uncommon winter visitor. 19 Sep-22 Apr.

AMERICAN BLACK DUCK—Irregular winter visitor. Nov-Apr. One late report, 1 May 1971.

MALLARD—Rare winter visitor. 2 Sep-8 May. Domestic birds (including wild-plumaged individuals) have been widely introduced and are resident.

MOTTLED DUCK—Uncommon to fairly common resident with all reports since 1906. Eggs 3 Mar-15 May.

BLUE-WINGED TEAL—Common winter visitor. 5 Aug-1 Jun. A few have summered.

CINNAMON TEAL—Vagrant. Lake Alice, 8 Mar 1953. Alachua, 10-20 Sep 2005.

NORTHERN SHOVELER—Rare winter visitor. 12 Aug-16 May.

NORTHERN PINTAIL—Rare winter visitor. 23 Oct-Apr.

GREEN-WINGED TEAL—Fairly common to common winter visitor. 21 Oct-4 Apr. One late summer report, 6 Sep 1995. Two reports of Eurasian (Green-winged) Teal: Paynes Prairie, 26 Feb-2 Mar 1977; Gainesville, 15 Feb-9 Mar 2005.

CANVASBACK—Irregular winter visitor. 7 Nov-30 Mar. One spring record, 7 May 1957, may have involved a crippled or captive bird.

REDHEAD—Rare winter visitor. 28 Oct-16 Mar.

RING-NECKED DUCK—Common winter visitor. Oct-Apr. Crippled birds all year on Lakes Lochloosa and Orange; nested 1979-81.

GREATER SCAUP—Irregular winter visitor. 26 Nov 1951, 23 Dec 1951, 16 Dec 1984, 19 Dec 1988, 15 Dec 2002-25 Jan 2003.

LESSER SCAUP—Uncommon to fairly common winter visitor. 30 Sep-11 May.

SURF SCOTER—Vagrant. Newnans Lake, 11 Nov 2010.

WHITE-WINGED SCOTER—Vagrant. Paynes Prairie, 25 Oct 1958.

BLACK SCOTER—Vagrant. Lake Wauberg, 16 Dec 2012. Lake Santa Fe, 20 Mar 2014.

BUFFLEHEAD—Rare to uncommon winter visitor, though fairly common on Lake Santa Fe. 14 Nov-Apr.

COMMON GOLDENEYE—Rare winter visitor. 15 Nov-2 Mar.

HOODED MERGANSER—Common winter visitor. 25 Oct-26 Apr. One at Newnans Lake, 13-26 May 2000, was probably injured.

*COMMON MERGANSER—Vagrant. 21 Dec 1966.

RED-BREASTED MERGANSER—Rare winter visitor. 9 Nov-10 Jun.

RUDDY DUCK—Rare to uncommon winter visitor. 15 Oct-10 May. A few have summered.

NORTHERN BOBWHITE—Uncommon resident. Possibly declining. Eggs 10 Apr-15 Sep.

WILD TURKEY—Uncommon resident, from Glades County birds introduced into Lochloosa WMA 1965-66. Eggs 15 Apr.

PIED-BILLED GREBE—Uncommon summer resident, common winter visitor. Eggs 1 Feb-9 Jul.

HORNED GREBE—Fairly common winter visitor on Lake Santa Fe, rare elsewhere. 1 Nov-15 May.

*EARED GREBE—Vagrant. Newnans Lake, 4 Jan 2002.

ROCK PIGEON—Non-native. Common resident. Breeds all seasons.

EURASIAN COLLARED-DOVE—Non-native. Fairly common resident since 1992. Young in nest 30 Mar 1999.

*PASSENGER PIGEON—Formerly rare winter visitor, now extinct.

COMMON GROUND-DOVE—Uncommon summer resident, rare in winter. Apparently declining. Eggs 3 Mar-25 Sep.

WHITE-WINGED DOVE—Non-native, apparently expanding into this area from Central Florida. Very local resident since 1995, especially in the western sectors of the county. The Game and Fish Commission released 30 Dade County birds in Evinston, 21 Oct 1977, but there were no subsequent sightings.

MOURNING DOVE—Common resident. Eggs 20 Jan-25 Aug.

YELLOW-BILLED CUCKOO—Fairly common summer resident. 20 Mar-23 Nov. Eggs 20 May-12 Jun.

BLACK-BILLED CUCKOO—Irregular transient. 29 Apr-20 May, 27 Aug-27 Oct.

*SMOOTH-BILLED ANI—Irregular winter visitor. Gainesville, 2 Dec 1975. Paynes Prairie, 16 Dec 1979, 21 Dec 1986, 27 Oct 1992-31 Jan 1993.

GROOVE-BILLED ANI—Irregular winter visitor. 12 Oct-16 Apr.

LESSER NIGHTHAWK—Vagrant. Paynes Prairie, 11 Jan 1999.

COMMON NIGHTHAWK—Fairly common summer resident. 10 Mar-25 Oct. Eggs 5 May-5 Jun. One winter record, Gainesville, 19-22 Dec 2006. Apparently declining.

CHUCK-WILL’S-WIDOW—Common summer resident. 24 Feb-Nov. Eggs 11 Apr-20 May.

EASTERN WHIP-POOR-WILL—Uncommon winter visitor. 22 Aug-15 Apr.

CHIMNEY SWIFT—Common summer resident. 18 Mar-15 Nov. One very late, found injured 1 Dec 1993. Eggs 5 May-10 Jul.

VAUX’S SWIFT—Irregular winter visitor since 1982. 15 Dec-7 Apr.

RUBY-THROATED HUMMINGBIRD—Uncommon summer resident. 20 Feb-6 Nov. A few have wintered.

BLACK-CHINNED HUMMINGBIRD—Irregular winter visitor. 4 Nov-30 Mar.

RUFOUS HUMMINGBIRD—Uncommon winter visitor, 9 Aug-4 Apr. Female and immature Selasphorus spp. are essentially impossible to identify as to species except in hand.

ALLEN’S HUMMINGBIRD—Vagrant. Kanapaha Gardens, 30 Oct 1996 – 2 Feb 1997.

CALLIOPE HUMMINGBIRD—Vagrant. Gainesville, 21 Dec 2003 – 13 Mar 2004.

BUFF-BELLIED HUMMINGBIRD—Vagrant. Gainesville, 1 Nov 2004-30 Mar 2005, 27 Sep-30 Nov 2005.

*YELLOW RAIL—Irregular to rare winter visitor. Paynes Prairie, 24 Oct 1984, 5 Nov 1987, 16 Oct 1991, 20 Jan 1992, 19 Sep 1998.

BLACK RAIL—Unknown status, possibly rare resident, e.g., Paynes Prairie, 9 Apr 1986, 1 Jun 1988, 18 Dec 1991, 5 Sep 1997. One breeding report, early 1900s: adult with three young, Paynes Prairie, early June.

CLAPPER RAIL—Stray from coastal marshes. 11 Sept 1975, 7 Feb 1980.

KING RAIL—Uncommon resident. Young out 5 Apr.

VIRGINIA RAIL—Uncommon winter visitor. 22 Aug-8 Apr.

SORA—Common winter visitor. 29 Aug-11 May. One late record, two on 5 Jun 1971.

PURPLE GALLINULE—Fairly common summer resident. Mar-Sep. Rare in winter. Eggs 12 May-12 Jun. Newly-hatched young, Paynes Prairie, 4 Aug 1996.

PURPLE SWAMPHEN (GRAY-HEADED SWAMPHEN)—Non-native. Two strays from naturalized South Florida population. Sweetwater Wetlands Park, 19 Nov 2015-9 Apr 2016.

COMMON GALLINULE—Common resident. Eggs 7 Apr-1 May. Downy young, Orange Lake, 25 Sep 1996.

AMERICAN COOT—Common winter visitor. Sep-May. A few summer, and nesting was reported on Orange Lake in the early 20th century, but no eggs were collected. One recent breeding report, adult with chick at Home Depot pond, 20 Jun 1998.

LIMPKIN—Rare and local resident. Eggs 24 Apr.

SANDHILL CRANE—Common winter visitor from the north, mainly since 1958. 26 Sep-21 Mar. Approximately 25-30 pairs of the resident population breed in southern Alachua County. Young out 5-19 Mar. One record of Lesser Sandhill Crane, Kanapaha Prairie, 7-18 Mar 1991.

WHOOPING CRANE—Formerly winter visitor of unknown status, now irregular visitor from introduced populations, e.g., 3 Oct 1998, 17 Mar 1999. Wild birds last reported in Florida in the 1930s; last local sighting 1911, a flock of 14 near Micanopy.

BLACK-NECKED STILT—Rare spring transient, irregular summer resident. 24 Mar-28 Oct. Nested Paynes Prairie, 1989, 1999, 2004; Kanapaha Prairie, 1998-99; Newnans Lake, 2002. Two or three wintered at Paynes Prairie 2004-05.

AMERICAN AVOCET—Irregular visitor, with all reports since 1967.

*AMERICAN OYSTERCATCHER— Storm-driven stray from coast. Newnans Lake after Hurricane Gordon, 18 Sep 2000.

BLACK-BELLIED PLOVER—Irregular stray from the coast. Paynes Prairie, 17 Dec 1989, 18 May 1999, 28 Oct-20 Nov 1999, 5 Oct 2004. Orange Lake, 22-25 Sep 1996. Newnans Lake, 9 Jan-10 Mar 2000, 2 May 2000.

AMERICAN GOLDEN-PLOVER—Irregular transient. 6 Mar-1 May, 13 Sep-8 Oct.

*WILSON’S PLOVER—Vagrant. Newnans Lake, 4-6 Jun 2000.

SEMIPALMATED PLOVER—Irregular transient. 17 Apr-9 Jun, 26 Jul-8 Oct.

KILLDEER—Common winter visitor, uncommon summer resident. Eggs 29 Mar-8 Jun.

UPLAND SANDPIPER—Irregular spring transient. 27 Mar-10 May.

WHIMBREL—Vagrant. Newnans Lake, 17 Apr-18 May 2000, 22 Apr 2012.

*HUDSONIAN GODWIT—Vagrant. Newnans Lake, 16 Sep 2000.

*MARBLED GODWIT—Stray from the coast. Paynes Prairie, 1-8 Sep 1993. Newnans Lake, 1 Jul 2003. Orange Lake, 4 Aug 2011.

RUDDY TURNSTONE—Irregular stray from the coast. Newnans Lake, 1-27 May 2000, 3-4 Sep 2000, 14 Aug 2004, 23 Aug 2009, 28-29 May 2012.

*RED KNOT—Stray from the coast. Newnans Lake, 3-4 Sep 2000.

RUFF—Vagrant. Newnans Lake, 12 Jan-10 Mar 2000.

STILT SANDPIPER—Irregular to rare transient. 5 Mar-11 May, 10 Jul-18 Oct. Irregular winter visitor, e.g., 13 Jan 1993, 9 Jan-10 Mar 2000, 2 Jan-16 Feb 2010.

SANDERLING— Stray from the coast. Newnans Lake, 23 Apr-21 May 2000, 29 Jul 2000, 3-4 Sep 2000. Alachua, 5 Sep 2005.

DUNLIN—Irregular fall and winter stray from the coast. 19 Oct-4 Apr.

BAIRD’S SANDPIPER—Vagrant. Alachua, 12-17 Sep 2005.

LEAST SANDPIPER—Uncommon transient, rare in winter. 8 Jul-30 May.

WHITE-RUMPED SANDPIPER—Irregular transient. 25 Apr-6 Jun, 10 Sep-7 Oct. Two were very early, Orange Lake, 28 Jul 2011.

BUFF-BREASTED SANDPIPER—Occasional fall transient. Kanapaha Prairie, 8 Sep 1988. Alachua, 10-17 Sep 2005. Newnans Lake, 17 Sep 2011. Sweetwater Wetlands Park, 10 Aug 2014.

PECTORAL SANDPIPER—Uncommon transient. 22 Feb-27 May, 13 Jul-27 Dec.

SEMIPALMATED SANDPIPER—Uncommon transient. 11 Apr-6 Jun, 13 Jul-30 Sep.

WESTERN SANDPIPER—Irregular transient and winter visitor. 5 Jun-6 Sep. 21 Dec 1966, 23 Dec 1968, 17 Dec 1989, 9 Jan-13 May 2000, 8 Jul-3 Sep 2000.

SHORT-BILLED DOWITCHER—Irregular late-summer transient. Jul-Aug. Irregular in fall, e.g., 15 Dec 1991, 28-29 Nov 1996, 26 Oct 1999. One spring report, 19-24 Apr 2000.

LONG-BILLED DOWITCHER—Uncommon winter visitor. 19 Aug-11 May.

WILSON’S SNIPE—Fairly common winter visitor. 26 Aug-6 Jun.

AMERICAN WOODCOCK—Fairly common winter resident. Egg date 4 Feb. Adult with 3 chicks, 7 Mar 1984.

SPOTTED SANDPIPER—Fairly common transient. 6 Apr-6 Jun, 9 Jul-30 Sep. Irregular in winter.

SOLITARY SANDPIPER—Fairly common transient. 28 Feb-1 Jun, 7 Jul-18 Dec.

GREATER YELLOWLEGS—Fairly common transient and winter visitor. 5 Jul-14 Jun.

WILLET—Irregular stray from the coast. Records from all seasons, but most May-Aug.

LESSER YELLOWLEGS—Fairly common transient and winter visitor. 28 Jun-5 Jun.

WILSON’S PHALAROPE—Irregular transient. Newnans Lake, 1 May 1951, 17 May 2000, 13 Aug-18 Sep 2000. Kanapaha Prairie, 25 Mar 1978, 10 May 1978. Hague Dairy, 4 Aug 2013.

RED-NECKED PHALAROPE—Vagrant. Newnans Lake, 21 May 1978, 7-17 May 2000, 27 Mar 2012. Little Lake Santa Fe, 18 May 1986.

RED PHALAROPE—Storm-driven stray from offshore waters. Newnans Lake after Tropical Storm Fay, 22 Aug 2008.

*POMARINE JAEGER— Storm-driven stray from offshore waters.. Newnans Lake after Tropical Storm Josephine, 8 Oct 1996.

*PARASITIC JAEGER—Storm-driven stray from offshore waters. Newnans Lake after Hurricane Frances, 7 Sep 2004; after Tropical Storm Fay, 23-24 Aug 2008.

BLACK-LEGGED KITTIWAKE—Vagrant. Bivens Arm, 18-23 Dec 1983.

BONAPARTE’S GULL—Fairly common winter visitor. 19 Oct-20 May.

BLACK-HEADED GULL—Vagrant. Newnans Lake, 15 Jan-2 May 2000.

LAUGHING GULL—Rare to uncommon stray from the coast year-round, especially Apr-Sep. First recorded 1962, increasing frequency of observation during 1990s reflects growing population throughout the state.

FRANKLIN’S GULL—Irregular transient. Newnans Lake, 5-11 May 1997, 29 Nov 1998, 18-19 Nov 2000, 17-19 Dec 2006, 15 May 2012, 1 Jun 2012.

RING-BILLED GULL—Common winter visitor, mainly since the 1930s. Nov-Apr, but has been recorded every month.

HERRING GULL—Uncommon winter visitor. 8 Oct-1 Jun.

LESSER BLACK-BACKED GULL—Vagrant. Newnans Lake, 20-29 Dec 2015.

*GREAT BLACK-BACKED GULL—Irregular stray from coast. Lake Wauberg, 17 Jan 1987, 1 Jan 1993.

SOOTY TERN—Irregular storm-driven stray from offshore waters. 19-20 Sep 1928, 28 Sep 1989 (after Hurricane Hugo), 2-3 Aug 1995 (after Hurricane Erin), 8 Oct 1996 (after Tropical Storm Josephine), 3 Sep 1998 (after Hurricane Earl), 15 Sep 1999 (after Hurricane Floyd).

LEAST TERN—Irregular summer visitor, e.g., 19 Jun 1972, 21 May 1978, 10 May 1993, 3 Aug 1995 (after Hurricane Erin), 11 May 1998.

*GULL-BILLED TERN—Irregular stray from coast, generally in spring and summer. Lake Kanapaha, 21 Dec 1966, 16 Dec 1973. Newnans Lake, 27 May & 2 Jul 2000, 11 Jun 2012. Gainesville, 15 May 2003, 5 Jun 2004.

CASPIAN TERN—Irregular stray from coast, e.g., Newnans Lake, 13 Apr 1977, 6-14 Sep 1996, 22 Jul 2003; Bivens Arm, 22 May 1977; Orange Lake, 12 May 1997.

BLACK TERN—Rare to uncommon fall transient. 3 Jul-20 Sep. Irregular in spring. 9 May-5 Jun.

COMMON TERN—Irregular stray from coast, usually storm-driven. 2-30 May, 5 Sep-8 Oct.

FORSTER’S TERN—Fairly common winter visitor, mainly since the 1970s. Nov-Apr, but has been recorded every month.

ROYAL TERN—Irregular stray from coast, e.g., 4 Nov 1950, 21-22 Dec 1986, 11 Aug 1995, 19 Sep 1998.

*SANDWICH TERN—Irregular storm-driven stray from the coast. Newnans Lake after Hurricane Gordon, 18 Sep 2000; after Tropical Storm Gabrielle, 15 Sep 2001; after Tropical Storm Fay, 22 Aug 2008.

BLACK SKIMMER—Irregular stray from the coast, e.g., 8 Oct 1941, 1 Feb 1954, 23 May 1976, 26 Jun 1997.

WHITE-TAILED TROPICBIRD— Presumably a storm-driven stray from offshore waters. Alachua, 12 Aug 1955.

*RED-THROATED LOON—Irregular transient. 17 Mar 1973, 31 Oct-3 Dec 1996, 31 Mar 2004, 10 Apr 2012, 31 Oct 2013, 4 Nov 2013, 15 Nov 2014.

PACIFIC LOON—Vagrant. Lake Santa Fe, 6-22 Feb 2013, 6 Feb-27 Mar 2014.

COMMON LOON—Common winter visitor on Lake Santa Fe (irregular elsewhere), uncommon to rare spring transient, irregular in fall. 10 Oct-18 Jun. Two summer records, 1 Jul 1974, 8 Aug 1995.

*BLACK-CAPPED PETREL—Storm-driven stray from offshore waters. Newnans Lake, 27 Sep 2004, after Hurricane Jeanne.

*WILSON’S STORM-PETREL—Stray from offshore waters. Bivens Arm, 10 Jun 1948.

*LEACH’S STORM-PETREL—Storm-driven stray from offshore waters. Newnans Lake after Tropical Storm Fay, 22 Aug 2008.

WOOD STORK—Uncommon resident. Eggs 27 Mar-11 May.

MAGNIFICENT FRIGATEBIRD—Irregular storm-driven stray from coast. 5 Jun-6 Sep.

DOUBLE-CRESTED CORMORANT—Locally abundant winter visitor, non-breeders fairly common in summer. A few nesting records, the most recent at Paynes Prairie, 1974 and 1999, and Orange Lake, 1997-98. Egg date 31 May.

ANHINGA—Common resident. Eggs 1 Apr-9 May.

AMERICAN WHITE PELICAN—Irregular stray from the coast with all reports since 1977, e.g., Orange Lake, mid-Dec 1977, 17 Jul 1996; Lake Santa Fe, 26 May 1999; Paynes Prairie and Newnans Lake, 23 Oct 1999-21 Jun 2001.

BROWN PELICAN—Irregular stray from the coast. 21 Dec-19 Aug.

AMERICAN BITTERN—Uncommon winter visitor. 3 Sep-3 Jun. Nesting record from Micanopy, 15 Jun 1911.

LEAST BITTERN—Fairly common summer resident. 22 Mar-Sep. Eggs 12 Mar-30 Jun. Irregular in winter.

GREAT BLUE HERON—Common resident. Eggs 9 Feb-1 May. Seven records of South Florida races: Great White Heron, 9 May 1926, 29 Dec 1949, 9-30 May 2000, 18-21 Jul 2001, 13 Jul 2002, 29 May-1 Jun 2011; Wurdemann’s Heron, 19 Jun 1988.

GREAT EGRET—Common resident. Eggs 14 Mar-18 May.

SNOWY EGRET—Common resident. Eggs 28 Mar-16 Jun.

LITTLE BLUE HERON—Common resident. Eggs 28 Mar-4 Jul.

TRICOLORED HERON—Fairly common resident. Eggs 25 Mar-20 May.

REDDISH EGRET—Stray from the coast. Gainesville, 3-11 Jul 2005. Newnans Lake, 12 Jun 2012.

CATTLE EGRET—Common summer resident since 1954, uncommon in winter. Eggs 11 Apr-15 Jul.

GREEN HERON—Common summer resident, uncommon in winter. Eggs 12 Apr-24 Jun.

BLACK-CROWNED NIGHT-HERON—Fairly common resident. Eggs 11 Apr-9 May.

YELLOW-CROWNED NIGHT-HERON—Rare summer resident. Eggs 24 Mar-12 May.

WHITE IBIS—Common resident. Eggs 20 Apr-13 Jul.

GLOSSY IBIS—Uncommon winter visitor, irregular in summer. Has nested in local rookeries intermittently since 1909. Eggs 28 Mar-27 May.

WHITE-FACED IBIS—Occasional winter visitor, probably more common than the nine reports suggest. 31 Oct-11 May.

ROSEATE SPOONBILL—Annual spring and summer stray from coast, e.g., Paynes Prairie, 15 Jun 1972, 16 Jul 1993, 26 Nov-19 Dec 1999; Bivens Arm, 18 Jun 1974.

BLACK VULTURE—Common resident. Eggs 16 Feb-25 Apr.

TURKEY VULTURE—Common resident. Eggs 15-29 Mar.

OSPREY—Common summer resident, uncommon in winter. Eggs 4 Mar-23 Apr.

SWALLOW-TAILED KITE—Rare summer resident. 6 Feb-16 Sept. One winter record, 17 Dec 1975.

*WHITE-TAILED KITE—Irregular stray from the south. Paynes Prairie, 6 Dec 1982-12 Feb 1983, 6 Mar 1995.

SNAIL KITE—Irregular stray from the south. Paynes Prairie, 3 Feb 1996, 8-9 Jun 2006. Sweetwater Wetlands Park, 20-23 Mar 2016, 27-31 May 2016. Set of eggs in Carnegie Museum of Natural History, from Micanopy, 4 Dec 1919.

MISSISSIPPI KITE—Fairly common summer resident since 1969. 24 Mar-17 Sep. Young fledged 26 Jun 1993, 10 Jul 1995.

BALD EAGLE—Fairly common winter resident, rare in summer. During the winter of 1996-97, there were 39 active nests in Alachua County. Eggs Dec-Jan.

NORTHERN HARRIER—Fairly common winter visitor. 14 Aug-21 May. Vagrant in summer. 12-14 Jul 1981. Three old nest records: egg date 11 May 1908.

SHARP-SHINNED HAWK—Uncommon winter visitor. 20 Sep-16 May.

COOPER’S HAWK—Uncommon resident. Eggs 19 Apr-21 Aug.

RED-SHOULDERED HAWK—Fairly common resident. Eggs 20 Feb-3 Apr.

BROAD-WINGED HAWK—Rare summer resident. 20 Mar-30 Oct. Nest with young, 28 May 1909, 30 May 1976. Two winter reports, 28 Dec 1960, 16 Dec 1990.

SHORT-TAILED HAWK—Irregular transient and winter visitor. 27 Feb 1926, 17 Dec 1993, 10-14 Oct 1997, 8 Mar 1998, 27 Sep 1998, 12 Aug-21 Sep 2000, 19 Feb 2001.

SWAINSON’S HAWK—Irregular fall and winter visitor. Gainesville, 27 Nov 2001. Alachua, 2 Dec 2007. Paynes Prairie, 27 Dec 2008. Archer, 8-24 Dec 2013.

RED-TAILED HAWK—Fairly common winter visitor, uncommon summer resident. Eggs 25 Feb.

*ROUGH-LEGGED HAWK—Irregular winter visitor. Paynes Prairie, 28 Dec 1965-15 Mar 1966, 13 Nov 1976, 26 Feb 1977.

GOLDEN EAGLE—Irregular winter visitor. Paynes Prairie, 4-15 Jan 1973, 23 Feb 1981. Newnans Lake, 17 Dec 1974. Lake Kanapaha, 11 Dec 1992.

BARN OWL—Rare resident. Eggs 5 Oct-24 Mar.

EASTERN SCREECH-OWL—Common resident. Eggs 30 Mar-24 May.

GREAT HORNED OWL—Fairly common resident. Eggs 11 Dec-20 Jan.

BURROWING OWL—Very local resident since 1962 in rolling upland pastures, mainly around Newberry and High Springs. Eggs 17 Mar-20 May. Seldom seen in winter.

BARRED OWL—Common resident. Eggs 23 Dec-3 Mar.

SHORT-EARED OWL—Irregular winter visitor at Paynes Prairie. 4 Oct-26 Mar.

BELTED KINGFISHER—Common winter visitor. Jul-Apr. Irregularly lingers through the summer. Nested at quarry, SW 24th Avenue and 91st Street, Gainesville, 1976-78.

RED-HEADED WOODPECKER—Fairly common summer resident, uncommon in winter. Eggs 23 May-11 Jun. Late record, adult feeding young in nest, 9 Sep 1965.

RED-BELLIED WOODPECKER—Common resident. Eggs 21 Apr-30 Jun. Late record of downy young, 22 Oct 1985.

YELLOW-BELLIED SAPSUCKER—Fairly common winter visitor. 15 Sep-21 Apr. One summer report, Aug 1976.

DOWNY WOODPECKER—Common resident. Eggs 4 May.

HAIRY WOODPECKER—Rare resident. Eggs 8 Apr-4 Jun.

RED-COCKADED WOODPECKER—Formerly fairly common resident, now probably extirpated; last report May 1997. Eggs 8 May-4 Jun.

NORTHERN FLICKER—Uncommon summer resident, fairly common in winter when local population is bolstered by northern birds. Nests 6 Apr-2 Jun. Local population apparently declining.

PILEATED WOODPECKER—Common resident. Eggs 30 Mar-2 May.

*IVORY-BILLED WOODPECKER—Formerly rare resident, now extinct or nearly so. Last reported local sighting 1908. Egg date about 15 Feb.

CRESTED CARACARA—Vagrant. 19 Jun 1960, 11 May 1972, 26 Sep 1974, 13-15 Jan 2010.

AMERICAN KESTREL—Small local race formerly an abundant resident, now rare, confined to county margins. Eggs 5 Apr-30 Jun. Larger northern birds common in winter.

MERLIN—Rare winter visitor. 16 Sep-11 May. One summer record, 21 Jun 1995.

PEREGRINE FALCON—Rare transient, irregular winter visitor. 19 Sep-13 May. One summer record, 24 Jul 1981.

CAROLINA PARAKEET—Formerly resident, now extinct.

*OLIVE-SIDED FLYCATCHER—Irregular fall transient. Morningside Nature Center, 17 Sep 1983. Jonesville, 10 Sep 1985. Cross Creek, 21 Sep 2002.

EASTERN WOOD-PEWEE—Uncommon summer resident. 4 Apr-14 Nov. Eggs 9 May. One winter report, Orange Lake, 11 Feb 1980.

*YELLOW-BELLIED FLYCATCHER—Irregular fall transient. San Felasco Hammock, 5 Oct 1976. Paynes Prairie, 16 Sep 2000.

ACADIAN FLYCATCHER—Fairly common summer resident. 6 Apr-11 Nov. Eggs 9 May-5 Jun.

ALDER FLYCATCHER—Rare and local fall transient since 2012. Lake Alice, 24 Apr 2010; Paynes Prairie, 24-29 Sep 2012, 18 Aug-1 Oct 2015; Levy Lake, 25 Aug 2013.

WILLOW FLYCATCHER—Vagrant. Newnans Lake, 17-24 Sep 2011.

LEAST FLYCATCHER—Irregular transient and winter visitor. 7 Sep-17 Mar.

EASTERN PHOEBE—Common winter visitor. 26 Sep-7 Apr.

VERMILION FLYCATCHER—Irregular winter visitor. 9 Oct-16 Mar.

ASH-THROATED FLYCATCHER—Irregular to rare winter visitor. 31 Oct-17 Mar.

GREAT CRESTED FLYCATCHER—Common summer resident. 7 Feb-17 Oct. Eggs 8-26 May. One wintered near LaCrosse, 1990-92.

BROWN-CRESTED FLYCATCHER—Vagrant. Newnans Lake, 28 Dec 1965. Alachua, 10 Jan 1983.

WESTERN KINGBIRD—Irregular transient and winter visitor. 2 Oct-8 May.

EASTERN KINGBIRD—Uncommon summer resident. 1 Mar-10 Oct. Eggs 9 May-3 Jun.

GRAY KINGBIRD—Irregular stray from the coast. 28 Apr-14 May, 1 Sep-24 Oct.

SCISSOR-TAILED FLYCATCHER—Irregular transient and winter visitor. 9 Sep-14 May.

LOGGERHEAD SHRIKE—Fairly common resident. Eggs 9 Feb-12 May.

WHITE-EYED VIREO—Common resident. Eggs 24 Mar-21 May.

BELL’S VIREO—Vagrant. Paynes Prairie, 6-12 Jan 2013.

YELLOW-THROATED VIREO—Fairly common summer resident. 4 Mar-24 Nov. Eggs 5-23 Apr. One winter report, 26 Jan 1999.

BLUE-HEADED VIREO—Common winter visitor. 9 Sep-3 May.

PHILADELPHIA VIREO—Irregular fall transient. 2 Sep-10 Nov.

*WARBLING VIREO—Vagrant. Newnans Lake, 12 Sep 1998.

RED-EYED VIREO—Common summer resident. 8 Mar-8 Nov. Eggs 1-15 May.

*BLACK-WHISKERED VIREO—Storm-driven stray from the coast. Gainesville, 26 Sep 2004, during Hurricane Jeanne.

BLUE JAY—Common resident. Eggs 9 Mar-12 May, but fledglings as late as Aug.

FLORIDA SCRUB-JAY—Formerly uncommon resident. Last known nesting near Archer on Levy-Alachua County line in early 1980s. Now Vagrant, 16 May 1991, 2-5 Oct 1993.

AMERICAN CROW—Common resident. Eggs 24 Apr.

FISH CROW—Common resident. Eggs 22 May.

*HORNED LARK—Vagrant. Hague Dairy, 22-23 Apr 2004.

PURPLE MARTIN—Fairly common summer resident. 14 Jan-10 Oct. Eggs 1-5 May. Resident birds depart Jun-Jul.

TREE SWALLOW—Common winter visitor. 21 Aug-9 May. Irregular in summer, e.g., 5 Jun 1971, 21 Jun-5 Jul 1976.

NORTHERN ROUGH-WINGED SWALLOW—Uncommon summer resident. 2 Mar-6 Nov. Nests Apr-Jun. Two winter reports, 22 Dec 1995, 15-17 Dec 2002.

BANK SWALLOW—Irregular transient. 6 Apr-26 May, 10 Aug-6 Oct. One very late, 1 Nov 2014, Newnans Lake.

CLIFF SWALLOW—Irregular transient. 14 Mar-17 May, 12 Aug-27 Oct. One winter report, 22 Dec 1995.

CAVE SWALLOW—Vagrant. Paynes Prairie, 20 Dec 2009. Hague Dairy, 7 Nov 2010.

BARN SWALLOW—Common transient, since 1971 uncommon and local summer resident as well. 25 Feb-27 Dec. Nests under bridges and I-75 overpasses, Gainesville, Micanopy, Santa Fe River. Fledged young, 31 Jul 1973, 9 May 2003.

CAROLINA CHICKADEE—Fairly common resident. Eggs 19 Mar-27 Apr.

TUFTED TITMOUSE—Common resident. Eggs 30 Mar-2 May.

RED-BREASTED NUTHATCH—Irregular winter visitor, uncommon in invasion years (e.g., 1968-69, 1980-81). 30 Sep-22 Apr.

WHITE-BREASTED NUTHATCH—Formerly rare resident, now vagrant. 6 Aug-8 Oct 1974, 5 May 1984. Eggs 14 Mar.

BROWN-HEADED NUTHATCH—Fairly common resident. Eggs 12 Mar-20 Apr.

BROWN CREEPER—Irregular winter visitor. 22 Oct-18 Mar.

HOUSE WREN—Common winter visitor. 14 Sep-8 May. One summer report, 10-26 Jul 1972.

WINTER WREN—Irregular winter visitor. 17 Oct-2 Apr.

SEDGE WREN—Fairly common winter visitor. 24 Sep-9 May.

MARSH WREN—Fairly common winter visitor. 28 Sep-12 May. One summer report, 3 Jun 1972.

CAROLINA WREN—Common resident. Eggs 20 Jan-16 Jul. Young out 25 Feb 1974.

BEWICK’S WREN—Formerly an irregular winter visitor. 9 Dec 1972, 25 Feb 1977, 16 Dec 1979.

BLUE-GRAY GNATCATCHER—Common resident. Nests Mar-May. Adult feeding fledgling, 3 Apr 1985.

GOLDEN-CROWNED KINGLET—Irregular to rare winter visitor. 20 Oct-29 Mar.

RUBY-CROWNED KINGLET—Common winter visitor. 14 Sep-9 May. Injured bird found 3 Jun 1984.

EASTERN BLUEBIRD—Fairly common resident. Egg dates 19 Feb-7 Aug.

VEERY—Common fall transient. 29 Aug-8 Nov. Irregular in spring. 1 Apr-9 May.

GRAY-CHEEKED THRUSH—Uncommon fall transient. 18 Sep-4 Nov. Irregular in spring. 1 Apr-1 May.

SWAINSON’S THRUSH—Fairly common fall transient. 7 Sep-16 Nov. Irregular in spring.

HERMIT THRUSH—Fairly common winter visitor. 13 Oct-25 Apr.

WOOD THRUSH—Uncommon summer resident and transient. 2 Apr-20 Nov. Nests May-Jun. One winter report, 12 Dec 1930.

AMERICAN ROBIN—Common winter visitor. 9 Oct-31 May. Irregular in summer, e.g., 3-4 Jul 1987, 6 Sep 1988, 29 Aug 1989.

GRAY CATBIRD—Common spring and fall transient, fairly common winter visitor. 9 Aug-3 Jun. Occasional summer sightings, e.g., 17 Jul-2 Aug 1988, 27 May-19 Jul 1996. One breeding attempt in 1987; single nests with eggs 2001-02.

BROWN THRASHER—Common resident, uncommon in winter. Eggs 14 Mar-25 Apr.

NORTHERN MOCKINGBIRD—Common resident. Eggs 31 Jan-17 Jul.

EUROPEAN STARLING—Non-native. Common resident since 1946. Nests Apr-Jun.

CEDAR WAXWING—Common winter visitor. 29 Sep-4 Jun. One summer report, 3 Jul 2000.

HOUSE SPARROW—Non-native. Common resident since at least 1896. Eggs 20 Mar-10 Jul.

AMERICAN PIPIT—Fairly common winter visitor. 12 Oct-12 Apr. Two late reports, 1 May 1971, 16-17 May 2003.

SPRAGUE’S PIPIT—Vagrant. Lake Alice, early 1958. Kanapaha Prairie, 18 Dec 2011-26 Jan 2012.

HOUSE FINCH—Non-native. Common resident since 1992. Nests Mar-Jul.

PURPLE FINCH—Irregular winter visitor. 25 Nov-26 Apr.

PINE SISKIN—Irregular to rare winter visitor. 22 Nov-8 Jun. Huge numbers, winter 1977-78.

AMERICAN GOLDFINCH—Common winter visitor. 6 Oct-12 Jun. Two late-summer records: Newnans Lake, 19-22 Sep 1993; Alachua, 28 Aug 1996.

EVENING GROSBEAK—Irregular winter visitor, sometimes locally common. 8 Jan-27 Apr 1969, Feb-15 Apr 1973, 28 Jan-10 May 1978, 9 Jan 1996.

OVENBIRD—Common fall transient, uncommon in winter and spring. 26 Jul-28 May.

WORM-EATING WARBLER—Uncommon fall and rare spring transient. 2 Apr-30 May, 28 Jul-28 Oct. Two winter records, 26 Dec 1887, 27 Feb 2014.

LOUISIANA WATERTHRUSH—Uncommon fall transient, rare in spring. 14 Feb-25 May, 23 Jun-27 Oct. One unsuccessful nesting attempt, Hogtown Creek, 15-22 May 1965. Two winter reports, 6-9 Jan 1996, 20 Dec 1998.

NORTHERN WATERTHRUSH—Fairly common transient. 2 Mar-23 May, 1 Aug-16 Nov. Irregular in winter, e.g., 20 Dec 1996, 8 Dec 1998.

GOLDEN-WINGED WARBLER—Uncommon fall transient since 1970. 12 Aug-3 Nov.

BLUE-WINGED WARBLER—Fairly common fall transient, with all reports since 1968. 19 Aug-31 Oct. Irregular in spring. 7-29 Apr. Two winter reports, 25 Feb 1988, 21 Dec 1997.

BLACK-AND-WHITE WARBLER—Common winter visitor. 27 Jun-2 Jun.

PROTHONOTARY WARBLER—Fairly common summer resident. 9 Mar-18 Oct. Eggs 21 May.

SWAINSON’S WARBLER—Irregular transient. 3-19 Apr, 8 Aug-21 Oct. One summer report, a bird singing at San Felasco Hammock, 10-18 Jun 1986.

TENNESSEE WARBLER—Uncommon fall transient. 5 Sep-8 Nov. Two spring reports, 30 Mar 1973, 13 May 1995. Three winter reports, 28 Dec 1975, 17 Dec 1989, 20 Dec 1992.

ORANGE-CROWNED WARBLER—Fairly common winter visitor. 6 Sep-20 Apr.

NASHVILLE WARBLER—Rare fall transient. 9 Sep-3 Nov. Four late fall and winter reports, 24 Jan 1987, 31 Dec 1995, 27-30 Nov 2004, 19 Dec 2004. Two spring reports, 31 Mar 1999, 13-15 Apr 2001.

*CONNECTICUT WARBLER—Irregular spring transient. 6-28 May. Two fall reports. 20 Oct 1975, 15 Sep 1982.

*MOURNING WARBLER—Vagrant. San Felasco Hammock, 14 Oct 1991.

KENTUCKY WARBLER—Uncommon fall transient. 25 Jul-18 Oct. Three spring reports, 9 Apr 1973, 31 May 1998, 11 Apr 2005.

COMMON YELLOWTHROAT—Common resident. Eggs 10 Apr-9 Jun.

HOODED WARBLER—Fairly common summer resident since 1970. 11 Mar-29 Oct.

AMERICAN REDSTART—Fairly common spring transient, common in fall. 28 Mar-9 Jun, 16 Jul-21 Dec. One wintered, NW Gainesville, 1997-98, 1998-99.

KIRTLAND’S WARBLER—Vagrant. Bivens Arm, 26 Apr 1934; San Felasco Hammock, 5 May 2013.

CAPE MAY WARBLER—Fairly common spring and rare fall transient. 25 Mar-17 May, 10 Sep-12 Nov.

CERULEAN WARBLER—Rare fall transient. 11 Aug-15 Oct. Irregular in spring. 9-30 Apr.

NORTHERN PARULA—Common summer resident. Feb-Oct. Eggs 8-27 Apr. Rare in winter.

MAGNOLIA WARBLER—Fairly common fall and irregular spring transient. 19 Apr-13 May, 26 Aug-8 Nov. Two winter reports, 29 Dec 1949, 16 Dec 1990.

BAY-BREASTED WARBLER—Rare fall transient. 3 Oct-2 Nov. One early report, 18 Sep 2010. Two spring reports, 30 Apr 1969, 27 Apr 1997.

BLACKBURNIAN WARBLER—Uncommon fall transient. 19 Aug-27 Oct. One spring report, 17 Apr 1961. Two winter reports, 29 Dec 1962, 2 Dec 1999.

YELLOW WARBLER—Fairly common fall and irregular spring transient. 7 Mar-13 May, 13 Jul-26 Oct. Two winter reports, 9 Dec 1993, 31 Dec 1994.

CHESTNUT-SIDED WARBLER—Fairly common fall transient. 19 Aug-6 Nov. One spring report, 26 May 2002. One summer report, a breeding-plumage male in song near Newnans Lake 20 Jun-24 Jul 1994.

BLACKPOLL WARBLER—Fairly common spring transient, irregular in fall. 5 Apr-4 Jun, 26 Sep-24 Oct.

BLACK-THROATED BLUE WARBLER—Fairly common transient. 5 Apr-2 Jun, 18 Aug-11 Nov. Irregular in winter, e.g., 18 Dec 1983, 5 Feb 1986 (in song), 19 Jan 1988.

PALM WARBLER—Common winter visitor. 4 Sep-14 May.

PINE WARBLER—Common resident. Eggs 12 Mar-8 Apr.

YELLOW-RUMPED WARBLER—Common winter visitor. 30 Sep-18 May. “Audubon’s” Warbler, Gainesville, 10 Feb 1996, 16 Jan 2011.

YELLOW-THROATED WARBLER—Common resident. Eggs 1-28 Apr.

PRAIRIE WARBLER—Fairly common fall transient, uncommon in spring. 9 Mar-3 Jun, 8 Jul-7 Nov. Rare in winter.

*BLACK-THROATED GRAY WARBLER—Vagrant. Gainesville, 9 Oct 2005-13 Feb 2006.

BLACK-THROATED GREEN WARBLER—Uncommon fall and irregular spring transient. 21 Mar-15 Apr, 6 Sep-7 Nov. A few winter reports, e.g., 27 Dec 1972, 8-15 Dec 1998.

CANADA WARBLER—Irregular to rare fall transient. 13 Aug-21 Oct.

WILSON’S WARBLER—Irregular to rare winter visitor. 25 Sep-13 Apr.

YELLOW-BREASTED CHAT—Rare summer resident since at least 1985. 7 Apr-31 Oct. Several winter reports; may be a year-round resident.

GREEN-TAILED TOWHEE—Vagrant. Paynes Prairie, 4-19 Dec 2011.

EASTERN TOWHEE—Common resident. Eggs 15 Apr-20 Jun.

BACHMAN’S SPARROW—Uncommon resident. Eggs 21 May.

CHIPPING SPARROW—Common winter visitor. 31 Aug-9 May. One summer sighting, 3 June 2006.

CLAY-COLORED SPARROW—Irregular transient. Gainesville, 14 Apr 1963. Paynes Prairie, 2-5 Oct 1999, 24 Nov 2002, 8 Oct-1 Nov 2003.

FIELD SPARROW—Uncommon winter visitor. 23 Oct-19 Apr. Nests in nearby Gilchrist and Suwannee Counties.

VESPER SPARROW—Uncommon winter visitor. 17 Oct-18 Apr. One summered, May-July 1980.

LARK SPARROW—Irregular fall transient and winter visitor. 15 Nov 1969-3 Apr 1970, 1 Aug 1976, 17 Sep 1977, 12 Sep 1986, 17 Sep 1987, 26 Dec 1990, 20 Dec 2004-18 Mar 2005, 11 Sep 2005.

SAVANNAH SPARROW—Common winter visitor. 2 Oct-11 Jun.

GRASSHOPPER SPARROW—Rare to uncommon winter visitor. 30 Sep-28 Apr. A reported early-Jun nesting on Paynes Prairie, early 1900s.

HENSLOW’S SPARROW—Rare winter visitor. 25 Oct-8 Apr.

LE CONTE’S SPARROW—Irregular to rare winter visitor. 24 Oct-30 Mar.

NELSON’S SPARROW—Vagrant. Paynes Prairie, 29-30 Oct 2006, 19-22 Oct 2013. Hague, 5-6 Nov 2011.

FOX SPARROW—Irregular to rare winter visitor. 25 Nov-10 Mar.

SONG SPARROW—Common winter visitor. 11 Oct-21 Apr. One late report, 25 May 1982.

LINCOLN’S SPARROW—Rare winter visitor, with all reports since 1985. 6 Oct-29 Apr.

SWAMP SPARROW—Common winter visitor. 7 Oct-9 May.

WHITE-THROATED SPARROW—Fairly common winter visitor. 3 Oct-2 May.

HARRIS’S SPARROW—Vagrant. High Springs, 22 Feb-27 Apr 1973. Paynes Prairie, 6 Dec 2008-11 Mar 2009.

WHITE-CROWNED SPARROW—Uncommon winter visitor. 5 Oct-4 May.

DARK-EYED JUNCO—Rare winter visitor. 9 Oct-6 May.

SUMMER TANAGER—Common summer resident. 2 Mar-5 Nov. Nests in early May. Irregular in winter, e.g., 20 Dec 1969, 3 Jan 1999.

SCARLET TANAGER—Uncommon fall transient, rare in spring. 3 Apr-20 May, 31 Aug-1 Nov.

WESTERN TANAGER—Irregular transient and winter visitor. 16 Oct-1 May.

NORTHERN CARDINAL—Common resident. Young out of nest 12 Apr 1974. Nest with young 15 Sep 1910.

ROSE-BREASTED GROSBEAK—Rare to uncommon transient. 31 Mar-12 May, 29 Aug-12 Nov. Irregular in winter, 16 Dec 1984, 17-25 Feb 1997.

BLACK-HEADED GROSBEAK—Vagrant. Late Mar-10 Apr 1955, 16-30 Mar 1956, 19 Apr 1972, 26 Sep 2003.

BLUE GROSBEAK—Fairly common summer resident. 22 Mar-14 Nov. Irregular in winter, e.g., 18 Dec 1971, 10 Jan 1993.

*LAZULI BUNTING—Vagrant. Alachua, 25-26 Mar 1991.

INDIGO BUNTING—Fairly common summer resident. 16 Mar-8 Nov. Nests Jun-Jul. Irregular in winter, e.g., 27 Jan 1887, 28 Dec 1965, 9-29 Feb 1996, 15 Dec 2002..

PAINTED BUNTING—Mainly a rare transient in Apr and Sep-Oct, but recorded in all months. A pair near Alachua, 14-15 Jun 1987. Singing male, Wacahoota Road, 10 May-5 Jul 1997.

DICKCISSEL—Irregular transient and winter visitor. 22 Oct-14 May.

BOBOLINK—Fairly common spring transient, irregular in fall. 14 Apr-3 Jun, 29 Aug-12 Oct. One winter report, 5 Jan 1887.

RED-WINGED BLACKBIRD—Common resident. Eggs 6 May-3 Jun.

EASTERN MEADOWLARK—Fairly common resident. Eggs 28 Apr-8 Jul.

YELLOW-HEADED BLACKBIRD—Rare fall transient, irregular winter visitor. 17 Sep-26 Mar.

RUSTY BLACKBIRD—Rare winter visitor. 25 Nov-11 May.

BREWER’S BLACKBIRD—Irregular winter visitor since 1961, formerly in large numbers. 15 Dec-15 Apr.

COMMON GRACKLE—Common resident. Eggs 11 Apr-30 May.

BOAT-TAILED GRACKLE—Common resident. Eggs 18 Apr-3 Jul. Adult feeding young, 1 Dec 1975.

SHINY COWBIRD—Irregular visitor. Micanopy, 31 Mar 2000. Hague, 3 Nov 2001, 31 Oct 2009. Gainesville, 31 May 2002, 29 May 2007. Alachua, 14 Jul 2006.

BRONZED COWBIRD—Irregular fall transient. 8 Nov 1968, 18 Nov 1971, 6 Dec 1972, 18 Nov 1993, 4 Nov 2001, 18-31 Oct 2009.

BROWN-HEADED COWBIRD—Common resident. Young being fed by Yellow-throated Warbler 23 Jun 1993, by Pine Warbler 20 Jul 1996, by Northern Parula 26 May 2002.

ORCHARD ORIOLE—Fairly common summer resident. 14 Feb-10 Sep. One late migrant, 2 Oct 1994. Two winter records, 16 Dec 2007, 24 Dec 2015. Eggs 13 May-12 Jun.

BULLOCK’S ORIOLE—Irregular winter visitor, 15 Oct-15 Mar.

BALTIMORE ORIOLE—Uncommon winter visitor. 26 Aug-14 May.