Alachua County Bird List

This checklist is based on records available through 31 July 1997. Names and sequence of species follow the 1998 edition of the American Ornithologists’ Union Checklist. Some published reports are omitted as unsubstantiated. An asterisk (*) precedes species listed here solely on the basis of sight records and for which no specimen, photograph, or other verifiable evidence exists.

The number of species currently recognized for Alachua County increased from 293 to 315 since the last published county list (1988). They are divided among the following categories:

RESIDENTS (77): present throughout the year and nesting locally.

SUMMER RESIDENTS (28): nesting locally, migrating south for the winter.

WINTER VISITORS (94): wintering locally, migrating north to breed.

TRANSIENTS (45): passing through in spring and/or fall migration, neither nesting nor wintering here.

ACCIDENTAL (60): of rare, unpredictable, and often singular occurrence in Alachua County.

STRAYS (8): wandering irregularly, or storm-blown, into Alachua County from the Atlantic or Gulf Coasts.

EXTINCT (3): no longer in existence.

Terms used to describe each species’ abundance in suitable habitat are approximate, and relative rather than absolute. In descending order these are: common, fairly common, uncommon, and rare for birds seen annually; and occasional for birds seen recurrently but not annually (in these listings, the term “e.g.” indicates representative dates drawn from a larger sample).

Egg data are primarily from the Florida Museum of Natural History egg collection and are generally representative dates rather than extreme ones.

Readers are urged to report new reports and any unusual dates or occurrences to the Curator of Birds, Florida Museum of Natural History, Gainesville, Florida 32611.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

Originally the work of Dr. Oliver L. Austin, Jr., this checklist has been revised and updated by Dr. John W. Hardy, Barbara P. Muschlitz, and Rex K. Rowan.

*RED-THROATED LOON—Accidental. 17 Mar 1973, 28 Nov-3 Dec 1996.

COMMON LOON—Common winter visitor on Lake Santa Fe, rare elsewhere. 17 Oct-18 Jun. Two summer records, 1 Jul 1974, 8 Aug 1995.

PIED-BILLED GREBE—Uncommon summer resident, common winter visitor. Eggs 13 Apr-9 Jul.

HORNED GREBE—Fairly common winter visitor on Lake Santa Fe, rare elsewhere. 3 Nov-9 May.

*WILSON’S STORM-PETREL—Accidental. Bivens Arm, 10 Jun 1948.

WHITE-TAILED TROPICBIRD—Accidental. Alachua, 12 Aug 1955.

AMERICAN WHITE PELICAN—Previously accidental, but since 1993 a rare year-round visitor, e.g., Orange Lake, mid-Dec 1977, 17 Jul 1996; Newnans Lake, 8 Apr 1994, 22 Mar 1996.

BROWN PELICAN—Occasional stray from the coast. 22 Dec-14 Jul.

DOUBLE-CRESTED CORMORANT—Common winter visitor, uncommon in summer. A few nesting records, the most recent at Paynes Prairie, 5 Jul 1974, and Orange Lake, 2 Apr-24 May 1997. Egg date 31 May.

ANHINGA—Common resident. Eggs 1 Apr-9 May.

*MAGNIFICENT FRIGATEBIRD—Accidental, storm-driven. 5 Jun-6 Sep.

AMERICAN BITTERN—Rare to uncommon winter visitor. 15 Sep-30 May. Nesting record from Micanopy, 15 Jun 1911.

LEAST BITTERN—Fairly common summer resident. Mar-Sep. Eggs 12 Mar-30 Jun. Occasional in winter.

GREAT BLUE HERON—Common resident. Eggs 9 Feb-1 May. One report each of South Florida races: Great White Heron, 9 May 1926, and Wurdemann’s Heron, 19 Jun 1988.

GREAT EGRET—Common resident. Eggs 14 Mar-18 May.

SNOWY EGRET—Fairly common resident. Eggs 28 Mar-16 Jun.

LITTLE BLUE HERON—Common resident. Eggs 28 Mar-4 Jul.

TRICOLORED HERON—Fairly common resident. Eggs 25 Mar-20 May.

REDDISH EGRET—Accidental. Cross Creek, 28 Jul 1974.

CATTLE EGRET—Common summer resident since 1954, uncommon in winter. Eggs 11 Apr-15 Jul.

GREEN HERON—Common summer resident, uncommon in winter. Eggs 12 Apr-24 Jun.

BLACK-CROWNED NIGHT-HERON—Fairly common resident. Eggs 11 Apr-9 May.

YELLOW-CROWNED NIGHT-HERON—Rare resident. Eggs 24 Mar-12 May.

WHITE IBIS—Common resident. Eggs 20 Apr-13 Jul.

GLOSSY IBIS—Uncommon resident. Eggs 28 Mar-27 May.

*ROSEATE SPOONBILL—Occasional summer stray from coast, e.g., Paynes Prairie, 15 Jun 1972, 8-21 Jun 1992, 16 Jul 1993, 17-20 Jun 1996; Bivens Arm, 18 Jun 1974.

WOOD STORK—Uncommon resident. Eggs 27 Mar-11 May.

BLACK VULTURE—Common resident. Eggs 16 Feb-25 Apr.

TURKEY VULTURE—Common resident. Eggs 15-28 Mar.

BLACK-BELLIED WHISTLING-DUCK—Accidental. 13 May 1997.

FULVOUS WHISTLING-DUCK—Accidental. 19 Dec-31 Mar.

GREATER WHITE-FRONTED GOOSE—Accidental. 30 Oct 1972-16 Dec 1973, Nov 1981, 31 Jan 1982, 17 Dec 1989-18 Feb 1990.

SNOW GOOSE—Occasional winter visitor. 26 Oct-18 Feb.

CANADA GOOSE—Occasional winter visitor. 6 Nov-Feb.

TUNDRA SWAN—Accidental. Paynes Prairie, 20 Feb 1984; Orange Lake, mid-Jan 1986; SW Alachua County, 17-18 Dec 1989.

WOOD DUCK—Fairly common resident. Eggs 22 Mar-2 Oct.

GADWALL—Uncommon winter visitor. 21 Sep-Apr. One late record, 21 May 1951.

EURASIAN WIGEON—Accidental. Orange Lake, 26 Dec 1931.

AMERICAN WIGEON—Uncommon to fairly common winter visitor. 19 Sep-6 Apr.

AMERICAN BLACK DUCK—Occasional to rare winter visitor. Nov-Apr. One late report, 1 May 1971.

MALLARD—Rare winter visitor. 2 Sep-8 May.

MOTTLED DUCK—Uncommon to fairly common resident since 1906. Eggs 3 Mar-15 May.

BLUE-WINGED TEAL—Common winter visitor. 5 Aug-19 May. One summer report, 11 Jun-17 Jul 1998.

*CINNAMON TEAL—Accidental. Lake Alice, 8 Mar 1953.

NORTHERN SHOVELER—Rare winter visitor. 2 Sep-16 May.

NORTHERN PINTAIL—Rare winter visitor. Nov-Apr.

GREEN-WINGED TEAL—Fairly common to common winter visitor. 7 Nov-31 Mar. One late summer report, 6 Sep 1995. One report of Eurasian Green-winged Teal, Paynes Prairie, 26 Feb-2 Mar 1977.

CANVASBACK—Occasional winter visitor. 12 Dec-30 Mar. One spring record, 7 May 1957, may have been a crippled bird.

REDHEAD—Rare winter visitor. 2 Nov-10 Feb.

RING-NECKED DUCK—Common winter visitor. Oct-Apr. Crippled birds all year on Lakes Lochloosa and Orange; bred 1979-81.

GREATER SCAUP—Accidental. 26 Nov 1951, 23 Dec 1951, 16 Dec 1984, 19 Dec 1988.

LESSER SCAUP—Uncommon to fairly common winter visitor. 30 Sep-17 Apr. One late record, 11 May 1952.

WHITE-WINGED SCOTER—Accidental. Paynes Prairie, 25 Oct 1958.

BUFFLEHEAD—Rare to uncommon winter visitor, though common on Lake Santa Fe. 15 Nov-Apr.

COMMON GOLDENEYE—Rare winter visitor. 15 Nov-19 Feb.

HOODED MERGANSER—Common winter visitor. Oct-26 Apr.

*COMMON MERGANSER—Accidental. 21 Dec 1966.

RED-BREASTED MERGANSER—Rare winter visitor. 17 Nov-10 Jun.

RUDDY DUCK—Rare to uncommon winter visitor. 28 Oct-Apr. One late record, Bivens Arm, 10 May 1926.

OSPREY—Common resident, uncommon in winter. Eggs 4 Mar-23 Apr.

*SWALLOW-TAILED KITE—Rare summer resident. 3 Mar-15 Sept. Two winter records, 6 Feb 1954, 17 Dec 1975.

*WHITE-TAILED KITE—Accidental. Paynes Prairie, 6 Dec 1982-12 Feb 1983, 6 Mar 1995.

SNAIL KITE—Former resident, now accidental. Paynes Prairie, 3 Feb 1996. Set of eggs in Carnegie Museum of Natural History, from Micanopy, 4 Dec 1919.

MISSISSIPPI KITE—Fairly common summer resident since 1969. 24 Mar-15 Sept. Young fledged 10 Jul 1995.

BALD EAGLE—Fairly common resident. During the winter of 1995-96, there were 37 active nests in Alachua County. Eggs Dec-Jan.

NORTHERN HARRIER—Fairly common winter visitor. 16 Aug-3 May. Accidental in summer. 12-14 Jul 1981. Three old nest records: egg date 11 May 1908.

SHARP-SHINNED HAWK—Uncommon winter visitor. 21 Sep-26 Apr.

COOPER’S HAWK—Uncommon resident. Eggs 19 Apr-21 Aug.

RED-SHOULDERED HAWK—Fairly common resident. Eggs 20 Feb-3 Apr.

BROAD-WINGED HAWK—Rare summer resident. 20 Mar-30 Oct. Nest with young, 28 May 1909, 30 May 1976. Two winter reports, 28 Dec 1960, 16 Dec 1990.

SHORT-TAILED HAWK—Accidental. 27 Feb 1926, 17 Dec 1993.

RED-TAILED HAWK—Fairly common winter visitor, uncommon summer resident. Eggs 25 Feb.

*ROUGH-LEGGED HAWK—Accidental. Paynes Prairie, 28 Dec 1965-15 Mar 1966, 13 Nov 1976, 26 Feb 1977.

GOLDEN EAGLE—Accidental. Paynes Prairie, 4-15 Jan 1973, 23 Feb 1981. Newnans Lake, 17 Dec 1974. Lake Kanapaha, 11 Dec 1992.

*CRESTED CARACARA—Accidental. 19 Jun 1960, 11 May 1972, 26 Sep 1974.

AMERICAN KESTREL—Small local race formerly an abundant resident, now rare, confined to county margins. Eggs 13 Mar-30 Jun. Larger northern birds common in winter.

MERLIN—Rare winter visitor. 16 Sep-11 May. One summer record, 21 Jun 1995.

PEREGRINE FALCON—Occasional transient, winter visitor. 19 Sep-4 May. One summer record, 24 Jul 1981.

WILD TURKEY—Uncommon resident, from Glades County birds introduced into Lochloosa WMA 1965-66. Eggs 15 Apr.

NORTHERN BOBWHITE—Uncommon resident. Eggs 10 Apr-15 Sep.

*YELLOW RAIL—Occasional winter visitor. Paynes Prairie, 24 Oct 1984, 5 Nov 1987, 16 Oct 1991, 20 Jan 1992.

*BLACK RAIL—Unknown status, possibly rare resident, e.g., Paynes Prairie, 9 Apr 1986, 1 Dec 1989, 18 Dec 1991, 10 Jul 1993, 21 Feb 1994. One breeding record, early 1900s: adult with three young, Paynes Prairie, early June.

CLAPPER RAIL—Accidental. 11 Sept 1975, 7 Feb 1980.

KING RAIL—Uncommon resident. Young out 7 Apr.

VIRGINIA RAIL—Uncommon winter visitor. 22 Aug-1 Apr.

SORA—Common winter visitor. 31 Aug-3 May.

PURPLE GALLINULE—Fairly common summer resident. Occasional in winter. Eggs 12 May-12 Jun. Newly-hatched young, Paynes Prairie, 4 Aug 1996.

COMMON MOORHEN—Common resident. Eggs 7 Apr-1 May. Downy young, Orange Lake, 25 Sep 1996.

AMERICAN COOT—Common winter visitor. Sep-May. A few summer, and nesting was reported on Orange Lake in the early 20th century, but no eggs were collected and there are no recent nesting reports.

LIMPKIN—Uncommon and local resident. In recent years one or more birds irregularly at Lake Alice, UF campus. Eggs 24 Apr.

SANDHILL CRANE—Common winter visitor from the north, mainly since 1958. 23 Oct-21 Mar. Approximately 25-30 pairs of the resident population breed in southern Alachua County. Young out 5-19 Mar. One record of Lesser Sandhill Crane, Kanapaha Prairie, 7-18 Mar 1991.

WHOOPING CRANE—Formerly winter visitor of unknown status, now accidental from introduced population in Osceola County. 9-10 Apr 1997. Wild birds have been extinct in Florida since 1930s; last local sighting 1911, a flock of 14 near Micanopy.

*BLACK-BELLIED PLOVER—Accidental. Paynes Prairie, 17 Dec 1989. Orange Lake, 22-25 Sep 1996.

AMERICAN GOLDEN-PLOVER—Accidental transient. 6 Mar 1961, 7 Mar 1962, 26 Sep-8 Oct 1965, 1 May 1971, 4-9 Apr 1972, 6-9 Apr 1987.

*SEMIPALMATED PLOVER—Occasional transient. 24 Apr-19 May, 10 Sep-8 Oct.

KILLDEER—Common winter visitor, fairly common summer resident. Eggs 30 Mar-8 Jun.

*BLACK-NECKED STILT—Occasional spring and summer transient. 30 Mar-18 Jul. Nested Paynes Prairie, 4 May-2 Jun 1989.

*AMERICAN AVOCET—Accidental. Paynes Prairie, 23 Oct-early Jan.

GREATER YELLOWLEGS—Fairly common transient and winter visitor. 5 Jul-10 May.

LESSER YELLOWLEGS—Fairly common transient and winter visitor. 5 Jul-14 May.

SOLITARY SANDPIPER—Fairly common transient. 14 Mar-1 Jun, 20 Jul-21 Sep. Several late fall and CBC reports, Oct-Dec.

*WILLET—Accidental. Lake Alice, 19 May 1951; Paynes Prairie, 4 Mar 1961; Newnans Lake, 31 Jan 1976; Lake Lochloosa, 27 Jul 1993, 11 Jul 1994; Orange Lake, 31 Aug 1994.

SPOTTED SANDPIPER—Fairly common transient. 6 Apr-30 May, 16 Jul-29 Sep. Occasional in winter.

UPLAND SANDPIPER—Accidental spring transient. 2 Apr-10 May.

*MARBLED GODWIT—Accidental. 1-8 Sep 1993.

*SEMIPALMATED SANDPIPER—Rare spring transient. 21 Apr-30 May. Occasional in fall. 31 Jul-25 Sep.

*WESTERN SANDPIPER—Accidental. 21 Dec 1966, 23 Dec 1968, 1 May 1971, 21 Jun 1972, 31 July 1988, 17 Dec 1989.

LEAST SANDPIPER—Rare to uncommon transient and winter visitor. 18 Jul-15 May.

*WHITE-RUMPED SANDPIPER—Occasional transient. 7 May-5 Jun, 21 Sep-7 Oct.

PECTORAL SANDPIPER—Occasional transient. 28 Feb-9 May, 22 Jul-27 Dec.

*DUNLIN—Occasional winter stray from the coast, e.g., 12 Dec 1970, 12 Jan 1972, 16 Dec 1984, 31 Oct 1993.

*STILT SANDPIPER—Occasional transient. 20 Mar-1 May, 7 Sep-13 Oct. One winter report, 13 Jan 1993.

*SHORT-BILLED DOWITCHER—Occasional late summer transient. Jul-Aug. A few winter records, e.g., 15 Dec 1991, 28-29 Nov 1996.

*LONG-BILLED DOWITCHER—Uncommon winter visitor. 25 Sep-1 May.

WILSON’S SNIPE—Fairly common winter visitor. 16 Sep-6 Jun.

AMERICAN WOODCOCK—Fairly common winter visitor, rare summer resident. Egg date 4 Feb. Adult with 3 chicks, 7 Mar 1984.

WILSON’S PHALAROPE—Accidental. 1 May 1951, 25 Mar 1978, 10 May 1978.

RED-NECKED PHALAROPE—Accidental. Newnans Lake, 21 May 1978. Little Lake Santa Fe, 18 May 1986.

*POMARINE JAEGER—Accidental. Newnans Lake, 8 Oct 1996 (after Tropical Storm Josephine).

LAUGHING GULL—Rare to uncommon stray from the coast year-round since 1962, e.g., 29 Dec 1962, 12 Sep 1976, 22 Jul 1989, 17 Mar 1995.

FRANKLIN’S GULL—Accidental. Newnans Lake, 5-11 May 1997.

BONAPARTE’S GULL—Fairly common winter visitor. 19 Oct-20 May.

RING-BILLED GULL—Common winter visitor, mainly since the 1930s. 12 Aug-28 Jun.

HERRING GULL—Uncommon winter visitor. 22 Nov-31 May. Storm-blown, Newnans Lake, 8 Oct 1996.

*GREAT BLACK-BACKED GULL—Accidental. Lake Wauberg, 17 Jan 1987, 1 Jan 1993.

BLACK-LEGGED KITTIWAKE—Accidental. Bivens Arm, 18-23 Dec 1983.

*GULL-BILLED TERN—Accidental. Lake Kanapaha, 21 Dec 1966, 16 Dec 1973.

CASPIAN TERN—Occasional stray from coast, e.g., Newnans Lake, 8 Nov 1975, 13 Apr 1977, 6-14 Sep 1996; Bivens Arm, 22 May 1977; Orange Lake, 12 May 1997.

*ROYAL TERN—Occasional stray from coast, e.g., 4 Nov 1950, 21-22 Dec 1986, 11 Aug 1995.

COMMON TERN—Accidental. Bivens Arm, 18 Sep 1941, 21-23 Sep 1948, 5 Sep 1950. Gainesville, 11 Sep 1979. Newnans Lake, 8 Oct 1996. Orange Lake, 2-30 May 1997.

FORSTER’S TERN—Fairly common winter visitor, mainly since the 1970s. Peak of abundance Nov-Mar, but has been recorded every month.

*LEAST TERN—Occasional summer stray from the coast, e.g., 19 Jun 1972, 21 May 1978, 10 May 1993, 16 Aug 1994, 3 Aug 1995 (after Hurricane Erin).

SOOTY TERN—Accidental, storm-driven. 19-20 Sep 1928, 28 Sep 1989 (after Hurricane Hugo), 2-3 Aug 1995 (after Hurricane Erin), 8 Oct 1996 (after Tropical Storm Josephine).

BLACK TERN—Uncommon fall transient. 3 Jul-20 Sep. Accidental in spring. 31 May 1973, 21 May 1978.

BLACK SKIMMER—Occasional stray from the coast. 8 Oct 1941, 5 Sep 1950, 1 Feb 1954, 27 Sep 1963, 19 Jun 1972, 23 May 1976, 8 Oct 1996, 20 Nov 1996, 26 Jun 1997.

ROCK PIGEON—Introduced. Common resident. Breeds all seasons.

*EURASIAN COLLARED-DOVE—Introduced. First noted in town of Alachua, 30 Mar 1992. Now fairly common resident in Alachua, High Springs, Newberry, with a few in Gainesville. Egg date 22 Apr.

MOURNING DOVE—Common resident. Eggs 20 Jan-25 Aug.

*PASSENGER PIGEON—Formerly rare winter visitor, now extinct.

COMMON GROUND-DOVE—Uncommon summer resident, rare in winter. Possibly declining. Eggs 3 Mar-25 Sep.

CAROLINA PARAKEET—Formerly resident, now extinct.

BLACK-BILLED CUCKOO—Occasional transient. 11-20 May, 27 Aug-26 Oct.

YELLOW-BILLED CUCKOO—Common summer resident. 31 Mar-8 Nov. Eggs 20 May-12 Jun.

*SMOOTH-BILLED ANI—Accidental. 2 Dec 1975, 16 Dec 1979, 21 Dec 1986, 27 Oct 1992-31 Jan 1993.

GROOVE-BILLED ANI—Occasional winter visitor. 12 Oct-12 Apr.

BARN OWL—Rare to uncommon resident. Eggs 5 Oct-24 Mar.

EASTERN SCREECH-OWL—Common resident. Eggs 30 Mar-24 May.

GREAT HORNED OWL—Fairly common resident. Eggs 11 Dec-20 Jan.

BURROWING OWL—Very local resident since 1962. Colonies near High Springs and Newberry. Eggs 17 Mar-20 May. Seldom seen in winter.

BARRED OWL—Common resident. Eggs 23 Dec-3 Mar.

SHORT-EARED OWL—Occasional winter visitor. All sightings at Paynes Prairie. 4 Oct-21 Mar.

COMMON NIGHTHAWK—Fairly common summer resident. 10 Mar-25 Oct. Eggs 18 Apr-5 Jun.

CHUCK-WILL’S-WIDOW—Common summer resident. 25 Feb-Nov. Eggs 17 Apr-20 May.

WHIP-POOR-WILL—Uncommon winter visitor. 16 Sep-15 Apr.

CHIMNEY SWIFT—Common summer resident. 18 Mar-5 Nov. One very late, found injured 1 Dec 1993. Eggs 5 May-5 Jun.

VAUX’S SWIFT—Rare and irregular winter visitor since 1983. 15 Dec-7 Apr.

RUBY-THROATED HUMMINGBIRD—Common summer resident. 3 Mar-26 Oct. One lingered late, 1 Jul-19 Dec 1984. Winter sightings of Archilochus spp. may be Black-chinned Hummingbirds.

RUFOUS HUMMINGBIRD—Rare winter visitor, 26 Sep-4 Apr. Female and immature Selasphorus spp. are essentially impossible to identify as to species except in hand.

ALLEN’S HUMMINGBIRD—Accidental. Kanapaha Gardens, 30 Oct 1996 – 2 Feb 1997.

BELTED KINGFISHER—Common winter visitor, occasional summer resident. Nested at quarry, SW 24th Avenue and 91st Street, Gainesville, 1976-78.

RED-HEADED WOODPECKER—Fairly common resident, uncommon in winter. Eggs 23 May-11 Jun.

RED-BELLIED WOODPECKER—Common resident. Eggs 21 Apr-30 Jun. Late record of downy young, 22 Oct 1985.

YELLOW-BELLIED SAPSUCKER—Fairly common winter visitor. 16 Sep-21 Apr.

DOWNY WOODPECKER—Common resident. Eggs 4 May.

HAIRY WOODPECKER—Rare resident. Eggs 8 Apr-4 Jun.

RED-COCKADED WOODPECKER—Rare resident, all but extirpated. Eggs 8 May-4 Jun.

NORTHERN FLICKER—Fairly common winter visitor, uncommon summer resident. Nests 6 Apr-2 Jun.

PILEATED WOODPECKER—Common resident. Eggs 30 Mar-2 May.

*IVORY-BILLED WOODPECKER—Formerly rare resident, now extinct. Egg date February 15.

*OLIVE-SIDED FLYCATCHER—Accidental. Morningside Nature Center, 17 Sep 1983. Jonesville, 10 Sep 1985.

EASTERN WOOD-PEWEE—Uncommon summer resident. 4 Apr-14 Nov. Eggs 9 May. Accidental in winter, 11 Feb 1980.

*YELLOW-BELLIED FLYCATCHER—Accidental. 5 Oct 1976.

ACADIAN FLYCATCHER—Fairly common summer resident. 20 Apr-30 Oct. Eggs 9 May-5 Jun.

*LEAST FLYCATCHER—Occasional fall transient and winter visitor, e.g., 30 Nov 1983, 17 Jan 1988.

EASTERN PHOEBE—Common winter visitor. 28 Sep-4 Apr.

VERMILION FLYCATCHER—Occasional winter visitor. 6 Nov-16 Mar.

*ASH-THROATED FLYCATCHER—Accidental. Paynes Prairie, 18 Nov 1992, 30 Dec 1993-12 Jan 1994, 6 Dec 1994-7 Feb 1995, 13 Mar 1996 (probably the same bird each year). Gainesville, 17-18 Nov 1996.

GREAT CRESTED FLYCATCHER—Common summer resident. 20 Feb-17 Oct. Eggs 8-26 May. One wintered near LaCrosse, 1989-92.

BROWN-CRESTED FLYCATCHER—Accidental. 28 Dec 1965, 10 Jan 1983.

WESTERN KINGBIRD—Occasional transient and winter visitor. 2 Oct-8 Apr.

EASTERN KINGBIRD—Uncommon summer resident. 23 Mar-10 Oct. Eggs 9 May-3 Jun.

GRAY KINGBIRD—Occasional stray from the coast. 28 Apr-14 May, 1 Sep-24 Oct.

*SCISSOR-TAILED FLYCATCHER—Occasional transient. 3-14 May, 9 Sep-11 Nov. Accidental in winter. 9 Dec 1975, 10 Mar 1978, 6 Jan 1992.

LOGGERHEAD SHRIKE—Fairly common resident. Eggs 9 Feb-12 May.

WHITE-EYED VIREO—Common resident. Egg date 21 May.

YELLOW-THROATED VIREO—Fairly common summer resident. 4 Mar-24 Nov. Eggs 5-23 Apr.

BLUE-HEADED VIREO—Common winter visitor. 27 Aug-30 Apr.

*PHILADELPHIA VIREO—Accidental. 5 Oct 1970, 19 Oct 1972, 5 Oct 1990.

RED-EYED VIREO—Common summer resident. 14 Mar-26 Oct. Eggs 1-15 May.

BLUE JAY—Common resident. Eggs 9 Mar-23 Apr. Fledglings 20 May-Aug.

FLORIDA SCRUB-JAY—Accidental, 16 May 1991, 2-5 Oct 1993. Formerly uncommon resident. Last known nesting near Archer on Levy-Alachua County line in early 1980s.

AMERICAN CROW—Common resident. Eggs 24 Apr.

FISH CROW—Common resident. Eggs 22 May.

PURPLE MARTIN—Common summer resident. 20 Jan-8 Oct. Eggs 1-5 May. Resident birds depart Jul-Aug.

TREE SWALLOW—Common winter visitor. 21 Aug-9 May. Peak of abundance Feb-Apr. Accidental in summer. 5 Jun 1971, 21 Jun-5 Jul 1976.

*NORTHERN ROUGH-WINGED SWALLOW—Uncommon transient, and since 1967 uncommon summer resident as well. 8 Mar-14 Oct. Nests in May. One winter report, 22 Dec 1995.

*BANK SWALLOW—Occasional transient. 6 Apr-26 May, 24 Aug-21 Sep.

*CLIFF SWALLOW—Rare fall transient. 14 Sep-27 Oct. Accidental in spring. 9 Apr-9 May. One winter report, 22 Dec 1995.

BARN SWALLOW—Common transient and, since 1971, uncommon summer resident as well. 1 Mar-7 Nov, with a few late records to 27 Dec. Nestlings 20 May-18 Jun.

CAROLINA CHICKADEE—Fairly common resident. Eggs 20 Mar-27 Apr.

TUFTED TITMOUSE—Common resident. Eggs 30 Mar-2 May.

RED-BREASTED NUTHATCH—Occasional winter visitor, uncommon in invasion years (e.g., 1980-81). 30 Sep-14 Apr.

WHITE-BREASTED NUTHATCH—Formerly rare resident, now accidental. 6 Aug-8 Oct 1974, 5 May 1984. Eggs 14 Mar.

BROWN-HEADED NUTHATCH—Fairly common resident. Eggs 23 Mar-7 Apr.

BROWN CREEPER—Occasional winter visitor. 22 Oct-18 Mar.

CAROLINA WREN—Common resident. Eggs 20 Jan-16 Jul. Young out 25 Feb 1974.

BEWICK’S WREN—Accidental. 9 Dec 1972, 25 Feb 1977, 16 Dec 1979.

HOUSE WREN—Common winter visitor. 20 Sep-30 Apr. One summer report, 10-26 Jul 1972.

WINTER WREN—Occasional winter visitor. 19 Oct-15 Jan.

SEDGE WREN—Fairly common winter visitor. 24 Sep-3 May.

MARSH WREN—Fairly common winter visitor. 28 Sep-8 May.

GOLDEN-CROWNED KINGLET—Rare to uncommon winter visitor. 20 Oct-23 Mar.

RUBY-CROWNED KINGLET—Common winter visitor. 14 Sep-9 May. Injured bird found 3 Jun 1984.

BLUE-GRAY GNATCATCHER—Fairly common resident. Nests Mar-May. Adult feeding fledgling, 3 Apr 1985.

EASTERN BLUEBIRD—Fairly common resident. Egg dates 19 Feb-7 Aug.

VEERY—Common fall transient. 29 Aug-8 Nov. Occasional in spring. 2 May 1980, 25 Apr 1988, 9 Apr 1994, 27 Apr 1997.

GRAY-CHEEKED THRUSH/BICKNELL’S THRUSH—Uncommon fall transient. 1-31 Oct. Accidental in spring, 1 Apr-1 May. No local records kept for Bicknell’s prior to 1996 split by American Ornithologists’ Union (though there is a specimen in the museum, collected 15 Oct 1975). The two species may be practically indistinguishable in the field.

SWAINSON’S THRUSH—Fairly common fall transient. 7 Sep-7 Nov. Two spring reports, 7 May 1988, 27 Mar 1995.

HERMIT THRUSH—Fairly common winter visitor. 13 Oct-19 Apr.

WOOD THRUSH—Uncommon summer resident and transient. 2 Apr-20 Nov. Nests May-Jun. One winter report, 12 Dec 1930.

AMERICAN ROBIN—Common winter visitor. 9 Oct-31 May. Occasional summer occurrences (singing males), e.g., 3-4 Jul 1987, 6 Sep 1988, 29 Aug 1989.

GRAY CATBIRD—Common spring and fall transient, fairly common winter visitor. Sep-May. Occasional summer sightings, e.g., 17 Jul-2 Aug 1988, 27 Jun 1994, 27 May-19 Jul 1996. One known breeding attempt in recent years: female on nest 1-2 Aug 1987, no eggs, then deserted.

NORTHERN MOCKINGBIRD—Common resident. Eggs 1 Apr-17 Jul.

BROWN THRASHER—Common resident, uncommon in winter. Eggs 14 Mar-25 Apr.

EUROPEAN STARLING—Introduced. Common resident since the mid-1930s. Nests Apr-June.

AMERICAN PIPIT—Fairly common winter visitor. 3 Nov-12 Apr. One late report, 1 May 1971.

CEDAR WAXWING—Common winter visitor. 17 Oct-4 Jun.

*BLUE-WINGED WARBLER—Fairly common fall transient. 19 Aug-31 Oct. Occasional to rare in spring, 7-19 Apr. One winter report, 25 Feb 1988.

*GOLDEN-WINGED WARBLER—Uncommon fall transient. 12 Aug-18 Oct.

TENNESSEE WARBLER—Uncommon fall transient. 9 Sep-5 Nov. Accidental in spring. 30 Mar 1973. Accidental in winter, 3 CBC reports.

ORANGE-CROWNED WARBLER—Fairly common winter visitor. 6 Sep-20 Apr.

NASHVILLE WARBLER—Rare fall transient. 9 Sep-3 Nov. Accidental in winter. 24 Jan 1987, 31 Dec 1995.

NORTHERN PARULA—Common summer resident. Feb-Oct. Eggs 8-27 Apr. Rare in winter.

YELLOW WARBLER—Fairly common fall transient. 13 Jul-26 Oct. Occasional in spring. 7 Mar-13 May. Accidental in winter. 9 Dec 1993, 31 Dec 1994.

CHESTNUT-SIDED WARBLER—Fairly common fall transient. 21 Aug-4 Nov. One summer report, a breeding-plumage male singing near Newnans Lake 20 Jun-24 Jul 1994.

MAGNOLIA WARBLER—Uncommon fall transient. 26 Aug-7 Nov. Occasional in spring. 20 Apr-10 May. Accidental in winter. 29 Dec 1949, 16 Dec 1990.

CAPE MAY WARBLER—Uncommon spring and rare fall transient. 28 Mar-9 May, Aug-11 Nov.

BLACK-THROATED BLUE WARBLER—Fairly common transient. 5 Apr-26 May, 23 Aug-6 Nov. Accidental in winter. 18 Dec 1983, 5 Feb 1986 (in song), 19 Jan 1988, 22 Dec 1996.

YELLOW-RUMPED WARBLER—Common winter visitor. 30 Sep-1 May.

*BLACK-THROATED GREEN WARBLER—Uncommon fall transient. 6 Sep-27 Oct. Occasional in spring. 31 Mar-15 Apr. Accidental in winter. 27 Dec 1972, 19 Dec 1987.

BLACKBURNIAN WARBLER—Uncommon fall transient. 26 Aug-24 Oct. Accidental in spring and winter. 17 Apr 1961, 29 Dec 1962.

YELLOW-THROATED WARBLER—Fairly common resident. Eggs 1-28 Apr.

PINE WARBLER—Common resident. Eggs 12 Mar-8 Apr.

*KIRTLAND’S WARBLER—Accidental. Bivens Arm, 26 Apr 1934.

PRAIRIE WARBLER—Fairly common fall transient, uncommon in spring. 17 Mar-2 Jun, 14 Jul-30 Oct. Rare in winter, but reported on 17 CBCs since 1957.

PALM WARBLER—Common winter visitor. 14 Sep-14 May.

*BAY-BREASTED WARBLER—Rare fall transient. 8 Oct-2 Nov. Two spring reports, 30 Apr 1969, 27 Apr 1997.

BLACKPOLL WARBLER—Fairly common spring transient. 16 Apr-24 May. Occasional in fall. 5-24 Oct.

CERULEAN WARBLER—Rare fall transient. 11 Aug-15 Oct. Accidental in spring. 9 Apr 1973, 24 Apr 1976.

BLACK-AND-WHITE WARBLER—Fairly common winter visitor. 9 Jul-2 Jun.

AMERICAN REDSTART—Fairly common spring transient, common in fall. 28 Mar-6 Jun, 22 Jul-29 Nov. Accidental in winter. 20 Dec 1987, 18 Dec 1988, 17 Dec 1989.

PROTHONOTARY WARBLER—Fairly common but local summer resident. 13 Mar-18 Oct. Eggs 21 May.

WORM-EATING WARBLER—Uncommon fall and rare spring transient. 6 Apr-30 May, 28 Jul-28 Oct. One winter record, 26 Dec 1887.

SWAINSON’S WARBLER—Occasional transient. 18 Apr-10 May, 16-30 Sep. One summer report, a bird singing at San Felasco Hammock, 10-18 Jun 1986.

OVENBIRD—Common fall transient, uncommon in winter and spring. 26 Jul-28 May.

NORTHERN WATERTHRUSH—Fairly common transient. 2 Mar-13 May, 11 Aug-16 Nov. At least one winter record. 20 Dec 1996.

LOUISIANA WATERTHRUSH—Uncommon fall transient. 13 Jul-27 Oct. Occasional to rare in spring. 27 Feb-15 May. One unsuccessful nesting attempt, Hogtown Creek, 15-22 May 1965. One winter record. 6-9 Jan 1996.

KENTUCKY WARBLER—Uncommon fall transient. 8 Aug-7 Oct. One spring record, 9 Apr 1973.

*CONNECTICUT WARBLER—Occasional spring transient. 9-28 May. Accidental in fall. 20 Oct 1975, 15 Sep 1982.

*MOURNING WARBLER—Accidental. San Felasco Hammock, 14 Oct 1991.

COMMON YELLOWTHROAT—Common resident. Eggs 10 Apr-9 Jun.

HOODED WARBLER—Fairly common summer resident since 1971. 14 Mar-28 Oct.

WILSON’S WARBLER—Rare winter visitor. 25 Sep-5 Mar.

CANADA WARBLER—Rare fall transient. 9 Sep-21 Oct.

YELLOW-BREASTED CHAT—Rare summer resident. 10 Apr-16 Sep. Breeding suspected on Paynes Prairie, 1985-8, 1995-7. Two winter records, 2 Feb 1961, 22 Dec 1996.

SUMMER TANAGER—Common summer resident. 2 Mar-5 Nov. Nests in early May. Accidental in winter. 20 Dec 1969, 16 Dec 1973, 16 Dec 1984.

SCARLET TANAGER—Uncommon fall transient. 11 Sep-1 Nov. Occasional in spring. 11 Apr-1 May.

*WESTERN TANAGER—Accidental. 17 Oct 1969, 16-23 Mar 1980, 14-17 Jan 1983, 5 Jan 1984, 22 Dec 1996.

EASTERN TOWHEE—Common resident. Eggs 15 Apr-20 Jun.

BACHMAN’S SPARROW—Fairly common resident. Eggs 21 May.

CHIPPING SPARROW—Common winter visitor. 23 Sep-9 May.

CLAY-COLORED SPARROW—Accidental. 14 Apr 1963.

FIELD SPARROW—Uncommon winter visitor. 23 Oct-19 Apr.

VESPER SPARROW—Uncommon winter visitor. 29 Oct-9 Apr. One summered, May-July 1980.

*LARK SPARROW—Occasional fall transient and winter visitor, e.g., 15 Nov 1969-3 Apr 1970, 17 Sep 1977, 12 Sep 1986, 17 Sep 1987, 26 Dec 1990.

SAVANNAH SPARROW—Common winter visitor. 15 Oct-21 May.

GRASSHOPPER SPARROW—Rare to uncommon winter visitor. 20 Oct-23 Apr. One possible early-June nesting on Paynes Prairie, early 1900s.

HENSLOW’S SPARROW—Occasional winter visitor. 25 Oct-8 Apr.

LE CONTE’S SPARROW—Occasional winter visitor. 13 Nov-6 Mar.

FOX SPARROW—Occasional winter visitor. 25 Nov-10 Mar.

SONG SPARROW—Common winter visitor. 18 Oct-21 Apr. One late report, 25 May 1982.

*LINCOLN’S SPARROW—Rare winter visitor. 5 Nov-29 Apr.

SWAMP SPARROW—Common winter visitor. 7 Oct-9 May.

WHITE-THROATED SPARROW—Fairly common winter visitor. 3 Oct-30 Apr.

HARRIS’S SPARROW—Accidental. Camp Kulaqua, 22 Feb-27 Apr 1973.

WHITE-CROWNED SPARROW—Uncommon winter visitor. 11 Oct-4 May.

DARK-EYED JUNCO—Occasional winter visitor. 9 Oct-6 May.

NORTHERN CARDINAL—Common resident. Eggs 19 Apr-3 Aug. Young out of nest 12 Apr 1974. Nest with young 15 Sep 1910.

ROSE-BREASTED GROSBEAK—Rare to uncommon transient. 10 Apr-9 May, 25 Sep-7 Nov. Accidental in winter. 16 Dec 1984, 17-25 Feb 1997.

BLACK-HEADED GROSBEAK—Accidental. Late Mar-10 Apr 1955, 16-30 Mar 1956, 19 Apr 1972.

BLUE GROSBEAK—Fairly common summer resident since mid-1960s. 3 Apr-7 Nov. Nests in June. Occasional in winter, e.g., 18 Dec 1971, 10 Jan 1993.

*LAZULI BUNTING—Accidental. Alachua, 25-26 Mar 1991.

INDIGO BUNTING—Fairly common summer resident since mid-1960s. 16 Mar-8 Nov. Accidental in winter, e.g., 27 Jan 1887, 28 Dec 1965, 9-29 Feb 1996.

PAINTED BUNTING—Mainly a rare transient in Apr and Sep-Oct, but recorded in all months except Nov. Nesting suspected south of Gainesville, May-Jun 1997.

DICKCISSEL—Occasional transient and winter visitor. 28 Oct-14 May.

BOBOLINK—Fairly common spring transient. 16 Apr-25 May. Occasional in fall. Sep-Oct. One winter report, 5 Jan 1887.

RED-WINGED BLACKBIRD—Common resident. Eggs 6 May-3 Jun.

EASTERN MEADOWLARK—Fairly common resident. Eggs 28 Apr-11 Jun.

YELLOW-HEADED BLACKBIRD—Occasional winter visitor. 17 Sep-26 Mar.

RUSTY BLACKBIRD—Occasional winter visitor. 25 Nov-11 May.

BREWER’S BLACKBIRD—Occasional winter visitor since 1961, sometimes in large numbers. 15 Dec-15 Apr.

COMMON GRACKLE—Common resident. Eggs 11 Apr-30 May.

BOAT-TAILED GRACKLE—Common resident. Eggs 18 Apr-3 Jul. Adult feeding young, 1 Dec 1975.

BRONZED COWBIRD—Accidental. 8 Nov 1968, 18 Nov 1961, 6 Dec 1972, 18 Nov 1993.

BROWN-HEADED COWBIRD—Common winter visitor, and since 1976 an uncommon summer resident.

ORCHARD ORIOLE—Fairly common summer resident. 14 Feb-10 Sep. One late migrant, 2 Oct 1994. Eggs 13 May-12 Jun.

BALTIMORE ORIOLE—Uncommon winter visitor. 26 Aug-4 May.

BULLOCK’S ORIOLE—Occasional winter visitor. 15 Oct-15 Mar.

PURPLE FINCH—Occasional winter visitor. 25 Nov-26 Apr.

*HOUSE FINCH—Introduced. Local, fairly common resident in downtown Gainesville, range expanding. First noted 23 Apr 1992. First recorded egg date, 7 May 1995.

PINE SISKIN—Rare winter visitor, mainly since 1968. 23 Nov-8 Jun. Huge numbers, winter 1977-78.

AMERICAN GOLDFINCH—Common winter visitor. 6 Oct-12 Jun. Two late-summer records: Newnans Lake, 19-22 Sep 1993; Alachua, 28 Aug 1996.

EVENING GROSBEAK—Accidental winter visitor, sometimes locally common. 8 Jan-27 Apr 1969, Feb-15 Apr 1973, 28 Jan-10 May 1978, 9 Jan 1996.

HOUSE SPARROW—Introduced. Common resident since at least 1896. Eggs 20 Mar-10 Jul. First young 7 Apr.